In many cases this may simply be a softer or weaker layer near the base of the cliff, where the waves can attack it often. And you see a lot of undercutting at the base of the cliffs along the Wilder coastal trail, evidence of a weak layer or rock. There are also other sorts of weaknesses in the Santa Cruz Mudstone that makes up the cliffs- joints or fractures are places where the rock is more easily dislodged or removed by wave impact. The best way to prevent the common problems associated with fallen arches is through balancing your lower extremities and vertebral canal. When you offer your body extra support you are able to move pain free. Inflammation is a biological process which is stimulated when bones and muscles interfere with each other and tissue damage occurs. This is one reason why those who suffer from reduced arch support are prone to ankle, leg, hip and back pain. Tissues are more easily damaged, the area becomes inflamed, and inflammation means pain. Fallen arches and flat feet may be worsened with age and the onset of arthritis. Because young children are unlikely to suspect or identify flat feet on their own, it is a good idea for parents or other adult caregivers to check on this themselves. Besides visual inspection, parents should notice whether a child begins to walk oddly or clumsily, for example on the outer edges of the feet, or to limp, during long walks, and to ask the child whether he or she feels foot pain or fatigue during such walks. Children who complain about calf muscle pains or any other pains around the foot area may be developing or have flat feet. Pain or discomfort may also develop in the knee joints. According to research, about twenty percent of adults have flat feet. While most of it is developed due to prolonged use of high heels and shoes with no proper support, it is also a condition that is hereditary that presents itself at birth. Flat feet also known as fallen arches are also a result of weakened muscles in the feet due to foot injuries, age, heavy strain, improper shoes that do not provide proper support to the arch and also because the tissue holding the joints together are loose. If ignored, flat feet problem can lead to foot deformities and affect your daily life. If you experience foot pain caused by plantar fasciitis, you are most likely in search of successful plantar fasciitis pain therapy. You are not alone. Plantar fasciitis is the most common cause of foot pain. This condition is due to an inflammation of the band of tissues (plantar fascia) connecting your heel to your toes. Many people say that the pain feels like a stabbing or burning sensation that starts at the heel and tends to spread forward into the toes. This is why many folks are so desperate to find plantar fasciitis pain therapy. It can be agonizingly painful and will get worse without therapy. Reducing pain from flat feet may involve incorporating some changes in your daily routines. For example, your doctor may recommend a diet and exercise program for weight loss to reduce the pressure on your feet. You may be advised against standing or walking for prolonged periods. Medication Surgery may be an option in more serious cases and is usually the last resort. The orthopedic surgeon may create an arch in your feet, repair tendons, or fuse your bones or joints If your Achilles tendon is too short, the surgeon can lengthen it to decrease your pain. What Is the Long-Term Outlook? People suffering from Metatarsalgia often experience a burning sensation under the ball of the foot. Sometimes combined with a sharp, tingling sensation near the toes (this condition is called Morton's Neuroma, see further below). The pain can also be stabbing pain that comes and goes throughout the day. In some cases people experience a feeling similar to having a pebble sitting under the forefoot. Ball of Foot pain worsens when wearing high heels/fashion shoes for a longer periods of time or, for men after walking long distances in hard shoes. Typically people with Ball of Foot pain also display excessive callous formation under the balls of their feet. Once they become older, they may not appreciate the ability to walk as much as they used to because they have become used to it. That appreciation soon returns however, when they no longer have the same ability or when it becomes painful to do so. In many cases knee surgery may be their only option to restore their capability. Although some people may be wary of having to go through an operation, the good results clearly outweigh the bad. Lastly, you need to look out for heel support. To deter heel bone rotation, aim for solid heel support in the form of a firm, snug fitting heel cup.